a gas burner for cooking indoors safely

23 Safe Indoor-Outdoor Cooking Options with no Electricity

In an age dominated by electricity, being prepared for power outages is not only practical but necessary.

When electricity fails, cooking can be a significant challenge.

However, numerous alternative methods allow for safe, effective food preparation indoors and outdoors, even without electricity.

This guide explores 23 different ways to cook without power, providing you with valuable knowledge for any off-the-grid or emergency situation.

Best Ways to Cook Safely Indoors without Power

1. Gas Camping Stove

a gas burner from a camp stove

Gas camping stoves are portable and offer a reliable indoor cooking option during power outages. They operate on propane or butane canisters, delivering a level of heat control comparable to conventional gas stoves.

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It’s crucial to ensure proper ventilation when using these stoves indoors to prevent the accumulation of carbon monoxide.


  • Portable and easy to use
  • Provides excellent heat control similar to traditional stoves


  • Requires fuel canisters which may run out
  • Risk of carbon monoxide buildup if not adequately ventilated

2. Alcohol Stove

a pot of water cooks over an alcohol stove

An alcohol stove is portable and lightweight. It uses denatured alcohol, readily available in most hardware stores. Although it does not produce as much heat as a gas stove, it is ideal for boiling water and cooking small meals.

Remember to use it in a well-ventilated area to minimize the risk of asphyxiation.


  • Lightweight and compact, making it ideal for small spaces
  • Safe for indoor use with proper ventilation


  • Not as powerful as other stove types, so cooking times may be longer
  • Requires denatured alcohol, which may not be readily available

3. Tuna Can + Toilet Paper Stove

tuna can

In a pinch, a makeshift stove can be created using a tuna can, some toilet paper, and rubbing alcohol.

Fill the can with coiled toilet paper, douse it in alcohol, and light it. This improvised stove generates enough heat to warm small quantities of food.


  • Simple and easy to set up using readily available materials
  • Can provide a quick solution for heating small amounts of food


  • Not suitable for larger meals or extensive cooking
  • Fuel source can burn out quickly, limiting cooking time

4. Canned Heat

Canned heat sources, such as Sterno, are safe for indoor use, offering a steady heat source for cooking or warming food. The fuel is a jelled alcohol that burns cleanly.

However, its heating power is less potent than a regular stove, and cooking times may be extended.


  • Safe for indoor use, as it burns cleanly without smoke
  • Easy to use and store


  • Generates less heat, which can extend cooking times
  • Not ideal for large meals or high-heat cooking

5. Buddy Burner

A buddy burner is a homemade device comprising a small can filled with a rolled cardboard wick and covered in wax. When lit, it provides a decent cooking heat source.

Like all flame-based options, ensure that you use it in a well-ventilated area to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning.


  • A simple, homemade solution using everyday items
  • Can produce sufficient heat for cooking small meals


  • Not as powerful or efficient as more specialized stoves
  • Requires careful monitoring to ensure safe use

6. Hay Box Oven

A hay box oven is an insulated box that retains heat from an initially heated pot of food. The retained heat continues to cook the food over time.

This energy-efficient method can be used to cook a variety of dishes, but the cooking process requires more time than conventional cooking methods.


  • Energy efficient and requires less active cooking time
  • Can cook a wide variety of dishes


  • Requires initial heating of the food on a stove, which may not be possible during a power outage
  • Takes a longer time to cook food compared to other methods

7. Tea Light Oven

a person cooks over some tealights

A tea light oven uses multiple tea lights as a heat source underneath a metal rack, creating an improvised oven.

You can regulate the temperature by adding or removing candles. Always ensure the cooking area is free from flammable materials.


  • Can be used to bake and roast foods indoors
  • Temperature is adjustable by varying the number of tea lights


  • Provides limited heat, so not suitable for cooking large meals
  • Requires close monitoring to prevent potential fire hazards

8. Wood Fireplace

a wood burning fireplace

If your home has a wood-burning fireplace, it’s an excellent heat source for cooking during power outages. Using a grill grate, you can roast, heat canned food, or boil water.

Always keep a fire extinguisher nearby for safety.


  • Effective for a variety of cooking methods, from roasting to boiling
  • Adds a unique flavor to food


  • Requires constant supervision and maintenance to ensure safety
  • Not all homes have wood fireplaces

9. Combination Gas/Electricity Cookers

gas electric stove combo

Combination gas/electricity cookers can operate on either gas or electricity, providing versatility during power outages. When using indoors, ensure adequate ventilation.


  • Versatile, allowing for use even when one power source is unavailable
  • Often provide a similar cooking experience to traditional stoves


  • May be more expensive than other alternatives
  • Requires gas supply or power source

10. Portable Power Stations

While not a direct cooking method, portable power stations can power small electric cookers, slow cookers, or hot plates. Before using one, ensure your device has enough capacity for your appliance.


  • Versatile and can power a variety of small kitchen appliances
  • Can be used in conjunction with renewable energy sources like solar panels


  • Not a direct source of heat, and requires compatible cooking devices
  • Limited by power capacity and requires recharging.

11. Wood Stove

wood fireplace oven

Wood stoves provide heat for your home and a hot surface for cooking. They’re perfect for heating pots and pans.

Ensure your stove is well-ventilated and have a fire extinguisher on hand for safety.


  • Provides both heating and cooking capabilities
  • Can be used for a variety of cooking methods


  • Requires a steady supply of wood
  • Installation can be expensive and requires adequate space

12. Candle Heater

candles used for cooking

A candle heater, or a terracotta pot heater, is a simple way to cook or heat small amounts of food when power is out. This method involves placing a lit candle beneath a terracotta pot, which absorbs and distributes the heat.

While it doesn’t provide enough heat for large meals, it can warm canned foods or heat water for hot drinks.


  • Simple and inexpensive to set up
  • Safe for indoor use, as long as the candle is monitored closely


  • Not suitable for cooking large meals or items requiring high heat
  • Requires constant supervision to prevent potential fire hazards

Top Ways to Cook without Power Outdoors

13. BBQ Grill

three steaks on a bbq grill

Whether powered by propane or charcoal, a BBQ grill is a versatile outdoor cooking tool that’s perfect for grilling meats, vegetables, and even some types of seafood.

Ensure you have a safe area to use your grill and always monitor it when in use.


  • Ideal for cooking a variety of foods
  • Adds a unique smoky flavor to meals


  • Requires a steady fuel source (propane or charcoal)
  • Can be affected by weather conditions, particularly wind

14. Open Fire

a campfire

A timeless cooking method, an open fire can be used for everything from roasting to boiling. Remember to adhere to safety rules, such as keeping the fire a safe distance from flammable materials and never leaving it unattended.


  • Versatile, allowing for various cooking methods
  • Adds a delicious, smoky flavor to food


  • Requires constant monitoring and control to ensure safety
  • Can be hard to maintain consistent temperature

15. Ember Roasting

ember used for roasting

Ember roasting involves wrapping food in foil and placing it directly on hot embers. This method can give your food a unique, smoky flavor, but it requires careful monitoring to prevent burning.


  • Imparts a distinct, smoky flavor
  • Ideal for cooking root vegetables and certain types of meat


  • Requires careful monitoring to prevent burning
  • May require practice to get it right

16. Solar Cooking

a woman stirs veggies on a solar cooker

Solar cooking harnesses the power of the sun to cook food or boil water. It’s an eco-friendly option that requires no fuel, but it is heavily dependent on sunny weather.


  • Energy-efficient and eco-friendly
  • Requires no fuel


  • Dependent on weather conditions
  • Cooking times can be longer compared to other methods

17. Portable Wood Stove

Portable wood stoves are compact and versatile outdoor cooking tools. They can burn wood or other biomass for fuel and can be used for a variety of cooking methods, including boiling, grilling, and frying.


  • Compact and portable
  • Versatile, suitable for a variety of cooking methods


  • Requires a steady supply of wood or biomass
  • Can be affected by weather conditions

18. Hobo Stove

a hobo stove for cooking

A hobo stove is a simple, homemade stove usually made from a large can. It’s an excellent tool for cooking small meals or boiling water outdoors.


  • Simple and inexpensive to make
  • Great for cooking small meals or boiling water


  • Not as efficient or powerful as a dedicated stove
  • Requires a continuous supply of small-sized fuel

19. Dutch Oven

a dutch oven used for cooking

A Dutch oven is an excellent tool for outdoor cooking. You can use it over an open fire or with charcoal briquettes. Dutch ovens are perfect for slow-cooked meals, soups, stews, and even baking.


  • Versatile, suitable for a variety of cooking methods
  • Retains heat well, allowing for slow-cooked meals


  • Can be heavy and cumbersome to transport
  • Requires practice to perfect temperature control

20. Earth Oven

An earth oven is essentially a pit dug into the ground, filled with hot stones, and covered with leaves and soil. This slow-cooking method is ideal for large cuts of meat, although it does require some preparation and time.


  • Excellent for slow-cooking large cuts of meat
  • Imparts a unique, earthy flavor to the food


  • Requires significant preparation and cooking time
  • Not suitable for quick meals or smaller quantities of food

21. Reflector Oven

A reflector oven uses radiant heat from a fire to cook food. Positioned near the fire, the oven’s reflective interior directs heat towards the food. It’s excellent for baking or roasting.


  • Great for baking or roasting in an outdoor setting
  • Uses the heat of an existing fire


  • Requires a constant and controlled fire source
  • May require practice to perfect cooking times and temperatures

22. Wick Stove

A wick stove uses a fuel-soaked wick to provide a heat source for cooking. This stove type is usually compact and portable, making it a good option for outdoor cooking.


  • Compact and portable
  • Provides a consistent heat source


  • Heat output may not be sufficient for larger meals
  • Requires a fuel source for the wick

23. Hexamine Tablets

Hexamine tablets are a compact and lightweight fuel source perfect for outdoor cooking in a pinch. They burn cleanly and efficiently, providing a reliable heat source.


  • Compact and lightweight
  • Burn cleanly and efficiently


  • Heat output may not be sufficient for larger meals
  • Tablets must be replenished regularly.

Additional Tips for Cooking Safely When the Power is Out

Cooking without power can be a challenging task, particularly when doing so indoors. Safety should always be the foremost consideration. Here are some essential safety tips to keep in mind when cooking without electricity:

  1. Ensure Proper Ventilation: If you’re cooking indoors, make sure the area is well-ventilated, especially if you’re using gas or solid fuel stoves. These types of stoves can emit carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas, which can build up in enclosed spaces and become deadly.
  2. Keep Flammable Materials Away: Keep your cooking area clear of any flammable materials such as paper, cloth, or wooden utensils. This is particularly important when cooking with open flames.
  3. Have a Fire Extinguisher Handy: Always have a fire extinguisher nearby when cooking, especially when using open flames. Familiarize yourself with its use to be prepared in case of a fire.
  4. Never Leave Cooking Unattended: Cooking without power often involves open flames, which can quickly get out of control if left unattended. Always monitor your food while it’s cooking to prevent fires.
  5. Use the Right Utensils: Not all cooking utensils are suitable for all heat sources. Some pots and pans, for instance, are not meant for direct flame. Ensure your cookware is appropriate for your chosen cooking method to prevent damage or possible hazards.
  6. Follow Instructions: If you’re using a device like a gas camping stove, alcohol stove, or a portable power station, always follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ensure safe use.
  7. Store Fuel Safely: If you’re using a cooking method that requires fuel, make sure to store it safely. Keep it in a cool, dry place, away from children, pets, and any potential ignition sources.
  8. Practice Good Food Safety: Without power, refrigeration may not be available, increasing the risk of foodborne illnesses. Make sure to consume perishable food first and keep raw and cooked food separate to avoid cross-contamination. Cook food thoroughly and do not consume food that has been left out for long periods.
  9. Be Mindful of Children and Pets: Keep children and pets away from the cooking area. The unfamiliar cooking methods and devices may attract curiosity, leading to accidents.
  10. Check Local Regulations: If you’re cooking outdoors, check your local regulations regarding open fires, especially during dry seasons when the risk of wildfires is high.

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Safe indoor cooking without electricity is achievable with various methods, from gas camping stoves to makeshift tuna can stoves. Likewise, numerous outdoor options exist, such as BBQ grills and solar cookers.

Remember, safety is paramount—always ensure proper ventilation and have a fire extinguisher nearby. In emergencies, being well-prepared is crucial, and knowing how to cook without power is a valuable skill.

With the knowledge in this guide, you’re well-equipped to face any power outage without sacrificing warm, well-cooked meals.